Part 2


Thresholds Primary Research

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Hyde Park:

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Dense City Primary Research


Covent Garden, Harrods, Duke of York Square, King's Cross Station, Spitalfields.

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Movement Primary Research


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Movement Secondary Research

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Shanghai arts centre, Shanghai (2017)

Norman Robert Foster & Thomas Heatherwick:

For this building, they designed three floors and inspired by the open stages of traditional Chinese theatres, and they use the bronze tubes to create the curtain. Those tubes hung in three layers to be a semi-transparent screen in front of windows and balconies. They described those bronze tubes are going to be "a moving veil, which adapts to the changing use of the building, and reveals the stage on the balcony and views towards Pudong."(Norman Robert Foster & Thomas Heatherwick said.) Foster Partners description this building heart of mind idea is flexible arts and cultural centre. When I saw this building, I feel the curtain can moving it is very cool, and the building it is obvious to let visiter knew they use the Chinese style to build. The tubes can be moving anywhere like a private place and open place. When closed the curtain, the visitor can not see what happen inside the building, and open the curtain visiter can see what happen inside the building. Using the local's material to design that building, and the curtain any angle let everyone will see the different landscape in Shanghai. The tubes could hang in three floors hight it is challenging to do it. I want to use the private place and open place to design the idea about the project of "Movement."

Frearson, A. (2017) Foster and Heatherwick build Shanghai arts centre with curtain-like facade. Dezeen. Available at:

Home (2017). Available at: (Accessed: November 10, 2019).

Heatherwick Studio and Foster+Partners' Bund Finance Centre in Shanghai Photographed by Laurian Ghinitoiu (2017). Available at: (Accessed: November 10, 2019).

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Ballet Mécanique, Zurich Switzerland (2018)

Manuel Herz:

Manuel Herz design the house consists of louvres that can open up and transform into accessible balconies. This building structure provides shading, privacy space and outdoor space. The simple geometry of the structure can turn into moving balconies because of the metallic louvres open and be the balconies. When the louvres open the people can see the outside view, and the shading roof element into the balconies. Also, the louvres close it can let people have a private place. This building like a pavilion character, and the colourful metal panels and simple geometry. Manuel Herz used the blue and red colour to colourful balconies. "When standing on the balconies, the opened louvre embraces the people on the balconies, creating an exterior space that is nevertheless shielded and intimate," continued Herz. The louvres are moving change the shape of the building, from a monotone cuboid to a colourful interesting. When the louvre opens it let the building be more vivid, and people can feel the different building touch of colour. I want to use privacy and open place to design the public park. When people use the park, the park is 360 degrees open. And when people do not need to use the space, the park will be close up like the long cylinder. Therefore there will be more space to be used or put things. 

Stathaki, E. (2018) Ballet Mécanique by Manuel Herz is Zurich housing with a twist. Wallpaper*. Available at: (Accessed: November 11, 2019).

Ravenscroft, T. (2018) Ballet Mécanique apartment block has walls that unfold to form balconies and sunshades. Dezeen. Available at: (Accessed: November 11, 2019).

Ballet Mechanique / Manuel Herz Architects (2019). Available at: (Accessed: November 11, 2019).

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Rolling Bridge, Cody Dock London (2019)  

Thomas Randall-Page:


Randall-Page describes the project as both innovative and highly contextual. It makes material reference to the area’s history of iron production while taking certain stylistic cues from the industrial design of Britain’s Edwardian era.

The most distinctive aspect of the proposed design, though, is its rolling motion. The bridge runs along a pair of twin, undulating rails that are attached to the brick walls on either side of the canal, and can roll a full 180-degrees so that its floor becomes its roof.

In east London, on the bank of the Lea River, Thomas Randall-Page imagines a project that reboots an under-used and forgotten area through the construction of a rotating bridge. The manually rolling system will allow boats to pass, and will also act as a pedestrian bridge and grant full public access to the Lea River Park.

Why does the area need a bridge? It's a rather inaccessible part of the Docklands right now, but it's starting to blossom, with a cafe, gardens, ecology walk and community events. Making it more accessible would bring more people to this forgotten part of London, and bring back life to the Lower Lea River.

The Cody Dock Rolling Bridge forms one link in the broader redevelopment of one of London’s industrial areas. The pedestrian bridge will connect walking and bike paths on either side of the canal, allowing easier access to new artists’ studios, exhibition spaces, fabrication workshops, and a cafe along the banks of the Lea. Proponents of the design hope that the structure will serve not only as a critical piece of infrastructure but also as a compelling landmark that will attract visitors from across the city.

The playful steel bridge will form the heart of PUP Architects' masterplan to revive the Victorian dock on the River Lea, which will see the dock re-flooded for moorings and the surrounding land transformed into a creative community space.

"Finished in painted steel the bridge design aims to be understated in its rest position but celebratory and playful in its movement creating a memorable event for spectators when operated."

The design takes the form of a rounded square frame that sits on undulating rails supported by brick abutments.

Both the frame and railings are lined with teeth that slot into each other like cogs, so with the turn of a handle, the structure transforms seamlessly from a pedestrian bridge into an arch with plenty of room to let barges through.

Counterweights within the squared frame ensure that the whole bridge structure will roll smoothly into its inverted position without motors and electricity. 


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The Rolling Bridge,  Paddington London (2004) 

Thomas Heatherwick:

Completed in 2005, the Rolling Bridge provides a pedestrian crossing over the Grand Union Canal at Paddington Basin.

"The Rolling Bridge is a typical example of Heatherwick's ability to a look at a problem from a new angle," he said.

The new bridge would need to carry pedestrians across a narrow inlet of the main canal, while also allowing the passage of boats when necessary.

Opened in 2004, the Rolling Bridge uses a curling motion to extend and retract across the span of the canal. It’s a wonderfully organic motion; think of a leaf unfurling, or a caterpillar curling up, or the fingers of your hand closing to form a fist, and you’ll have a good idea of how the bridge opens and closes.

When extended and lying flat across the canal, it looks like a fairly nondescript rigid bridge. When put into action, hydraulic rams set into the bridge’s balustrade cause the triangular sections to lift up and close in together. As they do so, the bridge curls up as it moves towards the bank. The two ends eventually meet, forming an octagon once fully retracted.

The bridge closes in near silence, which adds to its elegance, and can also be stopped at any point during its extension or retraction. Once fully retracted, it looks like a sculpture rather than a bridge, and not dissimilar to an old water wheel.

Seeing it in motion, however, requires some planning.

It appears to be a normal steel and timber footbridge when open – until it needs to get out of the way. Then, rather than breaking and lifting up as a rigid element, the Rolling Bridge curls until its two ends meet. The bridge is transformed into an octagon that stands on one side of the canal, without a trace of a bridge on the other bank.

that sits comfortably on the canal bank when not required. The structure is pushed and pulled by a series of hydraulic rams set within triangular segments; challenging logic by pulling it open and pushing it closed. As it recoils, each of its eight segments simultaneously lifts, causing it to curl until the ends touch to form a perfect circle.

London is one of the most unique bridges in the world. A small pedestrian crossing, it is designed to curl up to allow boats through the inlet and uncurl again over the water. Eight triangular sections host a hydraulic ram on either side. As the rams open out of their vertical posts they extended the handrails upwards. The pivoted sections are drawn toward each other creating a slow curling motion. The bridge can stop at any interval.

The concept and execution dwell on the kinetic and biomorphic potential of egress design. As cities become denser infrastructure which has been historically static may need to share space with other needs. The Rolling Bridge is a useful exercise in seeing the potential of shape-changing technologies and engineering which can literally transform the built environment. 

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 Sharifi-ha House, Darrous Iran (2014)

Alireza Taghaboni: